Women in Space

First Woman in Space

astronaut

Little S loves everything about Space. We watch videos, read books and articles and try and learn everything about it. Yesterday, while watching an astronaut, Samantha Cristoforetti

cooking in space (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRllv78Gax8), S asked me about Women astronauts and people who helped them there.

We researched the women who made Space look easy and here’s our top 5.

  1. The First Woman in Space – Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
First Woman in Space
First Woman in Space

The first woman in space was a Soviet cosmonaut. On June 16, 1963, aboard Vostok 6, Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman to travel into space.On June 14, 1963, Vostok 5 was launched into space with cosmonaut Valeri Bykovsky aboard. With Bykovsky still orbiting the earth, Tereshkova was launched into space on June 16 aboard Vostok 6. The two spacecrafts had different orbits but at one point came within three miles of each other, allowing the two cosmonauts to exchange brief communications. TOn June 19, after just under three days in space, Vostok 6 reentered the atmosphere, and Tereshkova successfully parachuted to earth after ejecting at 20,000 feet. Bykovsky and Vostok 5 landed safely a few hours later.

  1. First Female Spacewalker
First Woman SpaceWalker
First Woman SpaceWalker

The first woman to complete a spacewalk, or extravehicular activity (EVA), was Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya, who spacewalked during her second flight to orbit in July 1984.

In 1982, Savitskaya flew to space as part of the Soyuz T-7 mission, alongside Leonid Popov and Aleksandr Serebrov, becoming the second woman to fly to space, some 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova. On her second spaceflight, on July 25, 1984 she also became the first woman to perform a space walk. She conducted an EVA outside the Salyut 7 space station for 3 hours and 35 minutes during which she cut and welded metals in space along with her colleague Vladimir Dzhanibekov. To this day, Of the 57 Soviet/Russian spacewalkers through 2010, she is the only female.

  1. First Female Space Shuttle Commander
First Woman Space Shuttle Commander
First Woman Space Shuttle Commander

 

NASA astronaut Eileen Collins was the first woman to command a space shuttle mission, a role that required an astronaut to have at least 1,000 hours of experience piloting jet aircraft. Collins commanded the STS-93 space shuttle mission in July 1999, and went on to command a second time in July 2005. Collins was selected to be an astronaut in 1990 and first flew the Space Shuttle as pilot in 1995 aboard STS-63, which involved a rendezvous between Discovery and the Russian space station Mir. 

  1. Woman who spent most Time in Space
Woman who spent the longest time in Space
Woman who spent the longest time in Space

The woman who has spent the most total time in space is Peggy Whitson, who has logged 376 days, 17 hours and 22 minutes in orbit over the span of two trips to the International Space Station. After completion of her seventh EVA in January 2017, Whitson now holds the record for the oldest female spacewalker, and is now tied with the record for total spacewalks by a woman (seven), along with Sunita Williams.

  1. Four Women in Space
4 Women in Space
4 Women in Space

Credit: NASA

Four women serving together on the International Space Station on April 14, 2010, represented the highest number of women in space simultaneously. Clockwise from lower right are NASA astronauts Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, Stephanie Wilson, both STS-131 mission specialists; and Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Expedition 23 flight engineer; along with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Naoko Yamazaki, STS-131 mission specialist.c

Sources/References :

Wikipedia

To see more Firsts : http://www.space.com/16143-women-space-firsts-gallery.html

50 years of women in Space – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/16/50-years-women-space-soviet-tereshkova_n_3442856.html?slideshow=true#gallery/240416/0

 

 

Captain Underpants – book review

cujResearch undoubtedly establishes what we already know. Development of reading as a habit can’t be enforced through the regimen of school homework or any rigid approach to mastering the skill. It has to be internally driven, led by the undeniable truth that reading is enjoyable and we should encourage reading for pleasure amongst the younger ones. They will then push themselves to more challenging books as they absorb and enjoy the easier ones. Captain Underpants series of books is one such series. It is best suited for kids aged between 5 and 8 years old. The name itself is a giveaway as to what is the predominant thread throughout the series. Yes, yes it plays to the gallery of its young readers by weaving events around toilets. I think the book is predominantly designed to elicit interest amongst boys of that age group. However, it is not to say that there aren’t girls who would equally peel with laughter.
The language is kept simple. The interspersing of the text with comic book style narrative helps break the monotony of a novel. The jokes in the book would be crass to an older audience but for the target audience, it is perfectly timed and will fill your house with rapturous laughter.

It is also a good book for advanced young readers to be introduced into more traditional novels. The stories are sprinkled with some difficult words for young readers, which I think is good. They are not so many that the reader is out of depth, but at the same time help push the boundaries a bit with the reader’s vocabulary.
One of the most innovative and fun things in the book are the pages of confrontation between the good guys and baddies. These are moments captured not only in words but also in motion. The “flip-o-Rama”, where the reader can flip the pages to generate an illusion of animation in a book are fun to say the least. Believe me, although the flip-o-ramas are spread across just 2-3 scenes, they are hilarious. My son enjoyed them thoroughly.
Well, to sum up, it is a good starter book for boys of ages 5 – 7 and I must hastily add girls as well, possibly.
The captain Underpants books can be found on Amazon and other online book stores. Don’t forget the charity shops and old book shops. We found ours in one of those and have had hours of fun reading them.

How to make Colour (ed) Salts ?

Coloured Salts

Little Yash is going through art and craft ingredients faster than I can make them. I try to give him ingredients of different textures – I love colour salt because it is easy to make, is cheap and more importantly can be made in atleast two textures ( Fine and Rocky)

Step 1 : Get the Ingredients Ready

The only two ingredients you need are :

  1. Salt
  2. Paint ( Any spare paint you have or for more milder colours use food colouring)
Coloured Salts - Ingredients
Coloured Salts – Ingredients

Step 2 : Just add a little colour in the salt and mix it up.

Coloured Salts
Mix the colours

Wait for it to get completely mixed in to see if you have got the right shade.

Coloured Salts
Coloured Salts

If you need it lighter, add salt. If you need a darker hue, add a little more of the colour. My kid loved this mixing process.

Coloured Salts
Coloured Salts

We have previously used this to make a rainbow bottle, salt art and some Rangoli..

What Next ?

Give only the 3 primary colours to an older child and he can mix up all colours of the colour wheel

 

Fractions Origami

Fractions Origami

Little Yash is all into Fractions these days. So when I found this round-cut craft paper, I couldn’t resist a “Do your fraction invitation”

Recommended Age

Preschoolers (3-5 years) ,Primary age

Things needed

Fractions Origami
Fractions – Round-Cut Shapes

 

  • Craft Paper ( I found some ready-made round-cut ones, but you can easily cut this out ready for the activity)
  • Post-Its ( for the invitation)
  • Scissors
  • Colour Pens

Pre preparation / Invitation

Leave an Invitation to represent 1-1/2-1/4 and 1/8

Fractions - Our Invitation
Fractions – Our Invitation

What we did 

Little Yash loves fractions, he always links it up to his other favourite “Pizza”

I asked him if he can represent the fractions with the paper ( I expected him to cut it out into fraction shapes or colour it out – I had left a scissor and some colour pens out). For the younger children, cut/ colour one fraction as an example

To my surprise he just folded the paper. And it was perfect

Fractions Origami
Fractions Origami

 

Fractions Origami
Fractions Origami – Halfway There!

Skills we learn

It’s a great activity to understand the concept of fractions, very simple but effective.

Fractions Origami
Fractions Origami

What Next

We love the fraction blocks and the number snap game – This is very useful to explore the more complex fractions

 

 

The Alphabet Den

alphabet corner

We are day 26 of the fortbuilding challenge hosted by building blocks and acorns.  For the challenge, we want to show you our lovely learning corner. We set the tent up when we need some quiet learning place.

It’s quick to put up ( and take down) and needs no special equipment. If you have a flight of stairs in the house, all you need is quite simply an old sheet, some sturdy string and some clothes clips.

things needed

What we did:

We tied a piece of string criss-cross across the handrails.

criss cross across handrails
criss cross across handrails

 

Step 2 was to drape it with a sheet & hold it together with clothes pins

drape
drape

 

Step 3 : Make a door to this magical stairs

the door

 

That’s it – our learning stairs is ready.

 

alphabetden_landing

the inside
the inside

 

For the alphabets : We have a large collection of alphabet goodies which we use in our learning activity. I have included some good links of what we have in the post. I will try to post out the actual activity soon.

Our Alphabet Goodies
Our Alphabet Goodies